Views: Publication - Reports
  • GEF/UNDP/ASEAN IRBM Project: GESI Analysis Report

    Envisioned to guide in mainstreaming gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) in IRBM Project implementation, the report provides information and perspectives on the GESI context (or gender and social similarities and differences) in the participating river basins in the ASEAN region, including the gendered impact of development challenges such as water scarcity and pollution, waste management, disasters, climate change, etc. as experienced by women, men and vulnerable populations living in and around the project sites. The report also suggests ways forward to enhance and mainstream GESI into work plans and budgets at the river basin level, a process that will be supported by the project.

  • Biofouling Management in the Seas of East Asia Regional Action Plan

    The challenges posed by biofouling require responses at local, national, and regional levels. The link to international shipping is crucially important, especially so in East Asia, which is already the global hotspot for shipping despite continuing advances in its economies. During the regional meeting of the GloFouling Partnerships Project in September 2023, the Regional Action Plan  on Biofouling Management was approved as a response to the need.

  • PEMSEA Annual Report 2022: Connection and Empowerment

    Building on science-based actions, engaging local communities, and working closely with partners, PEMSEA aims to continue to drive integrated and coordinated actions to build H.O.P.E. (Healthy Ocean, People, and Economies) in the EAS region.

    The year 2022 focused mostly on the further consolidation of the accomplishments during the last year of implementation of PEMSEA’s joint regional strategy, the Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia Implementation Plan (SDS-SEA IP) 2018-2022, and moving forward after the year’s gradual recovery from the global pandemic. For PEMSEA, laying the groundwork for the future meant identifying clear directions in consideration of past achievements and lessons learned, and addressing priorities in the coming years.

    Through this report, we are pleased to share how PEMSEA, as a partnership, worked on key opportunities in the region to highlight and address these interconnected crises in 2022.

  • IRBM: Inception Report

    The GEF/UNDP/ASEAN Project on Reducing Pollution and Preserving Environmental Flows in the East Asian Seas through the Implementation of Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) in the ASEAN Countries is a 5-year project (2023-2027) with the goal of establishing functional IRBM mechanisms in priority river basins/sub-basins in the six ASEAN Member States (AMS), i.e., Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines and Viet Nam, for reducing pollution and sustaining freshwater environmental flows as well as adapting to climate change vulnerabilities.

    The Project is designed to improve governance and management arrangements in IRBM and accelerate the required changes in the six AMS in support of national priorities, objectives and commitments to global sustainable development targets using the source to sea (S2S) framework. The Project is organized into 4 components with 5 major outcomes and 20 key outputs to achieve the project goal and objective.

    This Inception Report outlines the operational strategy and approaches of the Project and how it will be implemented in 2023-2027, particularly focusing on the initiation of project activities in 2023 at the regional level and in the priority river basins of the six participating AMS. The report also presents the key results and recommendations from the Regional Inception Workshop, including the proposed next steps, for review and approval of the RSC.

  • Recalibration and revitalization: Sorting out Cavite’s trash

    The Ecological Solid Waste Management (ESWM) in Cavite Province (Plastic Wastes Recycling Project) was funded with a grant from the Coca-Cola Foundation Philippines Inc., and implemented by the Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) in partnership with the Caritas Diocese of Imus Foundation, Inc and in close coordination with Cavite’s Provincial Government Environment and Natural Resources Office (PGENRO).


  • 2022-2027 Operational Plan of the PEMSEA Network of Learning Centers (PNLC)

    Approved by the PNLC members in November 2022, the operational plan identifies the strategic areas of interest in terms of education, training, research, and project-related pursuits of the PNLC. This is accompanied by a financial sustainability paper that identifies the initial funding requirements, resource mobilization initiatives, and cost-effective measures for supporting the operations of the network.


  • Discussion paper on achieving financial sustainability for the PEMSEA Network of Learning Centers (PNLC)

    Approved by the PNLC members in November 2022, the discussion paper identifies the initial funding requirements, resource mobilization initiatives, and cost-effective measures for supporting the network in line with the PNLC Operational Plan 2022-2027. The operational plan identifies the strategic areas of interest in terms of education, training, research, and project-related pursuits of the PNLC.


  • An Assessment on Biofouling Management and its Potential Risk to the Maritime Industry in the Philippines

    Marine biological invasion via the maritime industry is one of the greatest threats to marine biodiversity. While biological invasion by natural means is an ecological process that regulates marine biodiversity, biological invasion mediated by human activity is likely to place ecological communities in disequilibrium which may lead to localized extinctions as well as economic and public health impacts. In the global maritime industry, this is largely through ballast water discharge and biofouling of ships hulls. The ecological effects of maritime industry mediated biological invasion are well documented in the literature.

    The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has recognized the biological invasion threat posed by invasive aquatic species (IAS). The IMO has presented two conventions, the Ballast Water Management and the Anti Fouling Systems that mandate signatory maritime states to implement appropriate measures to prevent the introduction of and manage the adverse environmental impacts of IAS.


  • The Final Report of the National Status Assessment on Biofouling Management in Indonesia

    The introduction of Invasive Aquatic Species (IAS) to new environments by ships and other mobile marine structures has been identified as a major threat to world’s oceans and the conservation of biodiversity. A multitude of marine species, carried either in ships’ ballast water or on ships’ hulls, may survive and establish in a new environment, become invasive, outcompete native species, and multiply into pest [1]. On the other hand, recent research suggests that the attachment of fouling organisms on ships’ hulls and other mobile marine structures is also a potential vector for the transfer of IAS [2].

    The IAS problem begins when a biofouling species attaches on ship hull and being carried (hitching a ride) from one area to another area which has new ecosystem or habitat conditions. If the biofouling species has an invasive nature, that is, it can adapt predominantly, for example, becoming a predator in the new environment, the ecosystem structure of the new environment is potentially changes and turns out to have a negative impact on the environment. The negative impact aroused can be in the form of loss of local species (biological loss), decreased aquaculture yields (economic losses), or even the emergence of new outbreaks [3].