Recognizing the variety of socioeconomic, political, cultural and ecological conditions among countries in the region, along with common coastal management concerns, a series of ICM sites have been established to encourage local governments to adopt a comprehensive integrated management framework and process. Through an integrated ecosystem approach, governments can shift away from conventional sectoral approaches of environment and natural resource management.
ICM provides a practical framework for sustainable development, encompassing coastal and marine management, watersheds, river basins and other associated ecosystems. Stakeholders across different political units join forces to systematically manage critical ecosystems that transcend administrative boundaries. ICM is an important tool for combining the management of human activities with the protection of critical ecosystems.
From 1994 to 2014, PEMSEA established ICM sites in 26 locations, demonstrating the value of ICM and building capacity for expansion to other locations. Building on the experience gained at these sites, PEMSEA’s partner countries began expanding in 2015 to 31 additional sites around the region, in collaboration with local governments. By 2019 over 100 ICM sites had been established.
PEMSEA’s work at the national policy level and demonstrated success with ICM has contributed to the replication and scaling of ICM by other organizations and donors in in the region, resulting in almost 40 percent coverage of the entire region’s coastline under some form of ICM.
For example, in Batangas, Philippines, the ICM program started with five municipalities and one city in Batangas Bay. In coordination with 34 local governments, agencies and donors, ICM has now expanded to cover the watershed, coastal areas and bays of the entire province. Likewise, 14 coastal provinces in central Vietnam are targeted by the government to adopt ICM practices, and in Thailand, 26 local governments in Chonburi Province have championed the ICM approach in their respective municipalities.
ICM implementation will continue to expand functionally and geographically as local capacity develops. Having met their target of covering 25 percent of the region’s coastline under ICM by 2021, PEMSEA partners are now validating this work and working to meet more ambitious national targets.
ESTABLISHED ICM SITES (1994 TO 2018)
|Macajalar Bay, Philippines|
|Bali, Indonesia||Manatuto Municipality, Timor-Leste|
|Bataan, Philippines||Nampho, DPR Korea|
|Batangas, Philippines||Mindoro Oriental, Philippines|
|Bontang City, Indonesia||Panjin, China|
|Cavite, Philippines||Port Klang, Malaysia|
|Chanthaburi, Thailand||Preah Sihanouk, Cambodia|
|Chonburi, Thailand||Qingdao, China|
|Danang, Viet Nam||Quanzhou, China|
|Dili, Timor-Leste||Quang Nam, Viet Nam|
|Dongying, China||Rayong, Thailand|
|East Lombok Regency, Indonesia||Sedone River, Lao PDR|
|Fangchenggang, China||Semarang City, Indonesia|
|Guimaras, Philippines||Shihwa Lake, RO Korea|
|Haikou, China||Sukabumi Regency, Indonesia|
|Kampot, Cambodia||Tangerang Regency, Indonesia|
|Kep, Cambodia||Thua Thien Hue, Viet Nam|
|Koh Kong, Cambodia||Trat, Thailand|
|Leting, China||Wenchang, China|
|Lianyungang, China||Xiamen, China|
|Liquica Municipality, Timor-Leste||Yangjiang, China|
INITIATING ICM SITES
|Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Viet Nam||Nam Dinh, Viet Nam|
|Banten, Indonesia||Nanji Islands, China|
|Binh Dinh, Viet Nam||Nghe An, Viet Nam|
|Binh Thuan, Viet Nam||Ninh Thuan, Viet Nam|
|Bulacan, Philippines||Pampanga, Philippines|
|Changyi, China||Quang Ninh, Viet Nam|
|Hai Phong, Viet Nam||Romblon, Philippines|
|Jinzhou, China||Sanya, China|
|Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam||Siargao Island, Philippines|
|Kien Giang, Viet Nam||Silicon Valley (Qingdao), China|
|Marinduque, Philippines||Soc Trang, Viet Nam|
|Mindoro Occidental, Philippines|
Learn more about the work PEMSEA is doing in each of the ICM sites. PEMSEA compiled a matrix of ICM activities spanning the following: