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Local Governments (PNLG)

PEMSEA Network of Local Governments for Sustainable Coastal Development


The PEMSEA Network of Local Governments (PNLG) for Sustainable Coastal Development is recognized as one of the major driving forces in realizing the goals of Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia (SDS-SEA) in its goal to cover 25 percent of the regional coastline with integrated coastal management (ICM) programs by the year 2021. Officially founded in December 2006 in Haikou, China, the PNLG has made major contributions to the SDS-SEA implementation through facilitating the implementation of ICM programs and addressing aspects of sustainable development in various forums and meetings. It also serves as an effective voice of the local governments.

The PNLG continues to facilitate the sustainable development and environmental conservation of marine and coastal resources of East Asia through advocacy, knowledge sharing, forging multi-stakeholder participation and partnerships among local governments, national agencies, civil society groups including NGOs and peoples’ organizations and the private sector.

 The PNLG charter lists the PNLG objectives as follows:

  • To enhance the capacity of local governments to plan, develop and manage their coastal and marine resources for sustainable use;
  • To promote the application of ICM approaches, processes and tools in coastal planning, development and management;
  • To facilitate the linkage between scientific technical institutions and local governments, in order to provide capacity building and scientific input to local government decision-making, policies and programs;
  • To implement innovative financing mechanisms and partnership arrangements for environmental investments with international and national financial institutions, private investors and operating companies, where appropriate;
  • To strengthen multi-stakeholder involvement in managing coastal and marine resources, in order to enhance societal and corporate responsibility for sustainable development of natural resources; and
  • To enhance local coastal governance, as well as interagency and multisectoral coordination mechanisms, in dealing with coastal and ocean management issues.

The PNLG Secretariat holds office in Xiamen, China, and receives financial and technical support within available funding allocations and in accordance with the administrative rules and regulations of PEMSEA.

To date, the PNLG has 52 regular members in 10 countries in the East Asian region, along with 3 associate members. ICM in these locations is mentioned among ocean success stories. We look forward to engaging even more local governments.

To download a more complete briefing, please click here.

Regular Members

Kampot, Cambodia Jembrana Regency, Indonesia
Kep, Cambodia Karangasem Regency, Indonesia
Koh Kong, Cambodia Klungklung Regency, Indonesia
Sihanoukville, Cambodia South Bangka Regency, Indonesia
Beihai, China Sukabumi Regency, Indonesia
Changyi, China Tabanan Regency, Indonesia
Dongying, China Tangerang, Indonesia
Fangchenggang, China Shima, Japan
Haikou, China Klang, Malaysia
Haiyang, China Northern Selangor, Malaysia
Jinjiang, China Sepang, Malaysia
Laoting, China Bataan, Philippines
Lianyungang, China Batangas, Philippines
Pingtan, China Cavite, Philippines
Qinzhou, China Guimaras, Philippines
Quanzhou, China Ansan, RO Korea
Sanya, China Busan, RO Korea
Xiamen, China Changwon, RO Korea
 Wenzhou, China Shihwa, RO Korea
 Badung Regency, Indonesia Chonburi, Thailand
 Bali Province, Indonesia Dili, Timor-Leste
 Bontang, Indonesia Liquiçá, Timor-Leste
 Buleleng Regency, Indonesia Manatuto, Timor-Leste
 Denpasar City, Indonesia Danang, Vietnam
Gianyar Regency, Indonesia Quang Nam, Vietnam
Jakarta Province, Indonesia Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam

Associate Members

First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration (China)
Coastal and Ocean Management Institute, Xiamen University (China)
Fujian Institute for Sustainable Oceans (FISO) (China)


PNLG Forum 2022

The PNLG will be organizing its next annual forum on 25-28 October 2022 at Atria Paramount Hotel in Tangerang, Indonesia. With the theme "Strengthening Coastal Resilience towards Sustainable Local Blue Economies," the forum will be hosted by the Regency of Tangerang and co-organized by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry Indonesia, Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies of IPB University, PNLG Secretariat, and PEMSEA Resource Facility. This will be conducted in hybrid format with many of the activities having online components. Click here for the provisional program.