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Policy Briefs

Governing rules and strategies for ICM

The Changwon Declaration 2012 provides the definition of blue economy. The blue economy, as discussed during the East Asian Seas (EAS) Congress 2012, refers to a sustainable ocean-based economic model; one that employs environmentally-sound and...


This policy brief highlights the importance of effective monitoring in improving the management of the Seas of Southeast and East Asia, and particularly in assessing the socioeconomic impact of management programs.


Practical experience in the application of ICM in the East Asian region over the past 15 years has led to the development of a common framework for sustainable development of coastal areas. This common framework...


This Policy Brief is based on the outcome of the East Asian Seas IGR-2 Preparatory Workshop entitled, Partnership Opportunities for Enhancing GPA Implementation, held in Bangkok, Thailand, on 4-5 September 2006. The workshop was coorganized...


The Brief contains key recommendations for action that may serve as a guide in the formulation of policies and programs to enhance the implementation of the Manila Bay Coastal Strategy, as well as to limit...


This Brief hopes to provide basis for further policy debate and, in due course, enable policymakers and managers to formulate concrete actions to address marine endangered species trade.