Recognizing the variety of socioeconomic, political, cultural and ecological conditions among countries in the region, along with common coastal management concerns, a series of ICM sites have been established to encourage local governments to adopt a comprehensive integrated management framework and process. Through an integrated ecosystem approach, governments can shift away from conventional sectoral approaches of environment and natural resource management.
ICM provides a practical framework for sustainable development, encompassing coastal and marine management, watersheds, river basins and other associated ecosystems. Stakeholders across different political units join forces to systematically manage critical ecosystems that transcend administrative boundaries. ICM is an important tool for combining the management of human activities with the protection of critical ecosystems.
From 1994 to 2014, PEMSEA established ICM sites in 26 locations, demonstrating the value of ICM and building capacity for expansion to other locations. Building on the experience gained at these sites, PEMSEA’s partner countries began expanding in 2015 to 31 additional sites around the region, in collaboration with local governments.
PEMSEA’s work at the national policy level and demonstrated success with ICM has contributed to the replication and scaling of ICM by other organizations and donors in in the region, resulting in 15 percent coverage of the entire region’s coastline under some form of ICM.
For example, in Batangas, Philippines, the ICM program started with five municipalities and one city in Batangas Bay. In coordination with 34 local governments, agencies and donors, ICM has now expanded to cover the watershed, coastal areas and bays of the entire province. Likewise, 14 coastal provinces in central Vietnam are targeted by the government to adopt ICM practices, and in Thailand, 21 LGUs have championed the ICM approach in their respective municipalities.
ICM implementation will continue to expand functionally and geographically as local capacity develops. PEMSEA partners are targeting to cover 25 percent of the region’s coastline under ICM by 2021.
ESTABLISHED ICM SITES (1994 TO 2014)
|Bali, Indonesia||Manatuto Municipality, Timor-Leste|
|Bataan, Philippines||Nampho, DPR Korea
|Batangas, Philippines||Port Klang, Malaysia
|Cavite, Philippines||Qingdao, PR China|
|Chonburi, Thailand||Quanzhou, PR China|
|Danang, Viet Nam||Quang Nam, Viet Nam|
|Dongying, PR China||Sedone River, Lao PDR|
|Fangchenggang, PR China||Shihwa Lake, RO Korea|
|Guimaras, Philippines||Sihanoukville, Cambodia|
|Haikou, PR China||Sukabumi, Indonesia|
|Leting, PR China||Thua Thien Hue, Viet Nam|
|Lianyungang, PR China||Xiamen, PR China|
|Liquica Municipality, Timor-Leste||Yangjiang, PR China|
INITIATING ICM SITES (2015 ONWARDS)
|Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Viet Nam||Macajalar Bay, Philippines|
|Banten, Indonesia||Marinduque, Philippines|
|Binh Dinh, Viet Nam||Mindoro Occidental, Philippines|
|Binh Thuan, Viet Nam||Mindoro Oriental, Philippines|
|Bontang City, East Kalimantan, Indonesia||Nam Dinh, Viet Nam|
|Bulacan, Philippines||Nanji Islands, PR China|
|Changyi, PR China||Nghe An, Viet Nam|
|Dili Municipality, Timor-Leste||Ninh Thuan, Viet Nam|
|East Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara , Indonesia||Pampanga, Philippines|
|Hai Phong, Viet Nam||Quang Ninh, Viet Nam|
|Jinzhou, PR China||Romblon, Philippines|
|Kampot, Cambodia||Sanya, PR China|
|Kep, Cambodia||Siargao Island, Philippines|
|Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam||Silicon Valley (Qingdao), PR China|
|Kien Giang, Viet Nam||Soc Trang, Viet Nam|
|Koh Kong, Cambodia|
Learn more about the work PEMSEA is doing in each of the ICM sites. PEMSEA compiled a matrix of ICM activities spanning the following: