Bogor, Indonesia — As part of PEMSEA's capacity-building strategy to assist local governments implementing ICM programs to conduct a regular and systematic monitoring and a regular reporting process, a training workshop on the State of the Coasts (SOC) reporting system was conducted on 16-19 August 2010 at the SEAMEO Biotrop in Bogor, Indonesia.
The training workshop was participated in by 32 representatives from Bali, Sukabumi, provinces bordering Jakarta Bay and Tomini Bay, and national and regional offices of the Ministry of Environment in Indonesia, Selangor in Malaysia, and national and district offices of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries in Timor-Leste. The training was collaboratively organized by Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), PEMSEA's ICM Learning Center in Indonesia; the Ministry of Environment, Indonesia; and the PEMSEA Resource Facility.Designed to build the capacity of the participants in implementing the SOC reporting system, the training workshop consisted of lectures, exercises, workshops, sharing of experiences on SOC preparation (e.g., Jakarta Bay) as well as sharing of the participants' perspectives on the perceived advantages and/or difficulties of implementing SOC in their respective areas.During the four-day training, the participants developed their sites' SOC prototype, based on the data they brought for the training, as well as action plans for implementing the reporting system in their respective areas. All sites agreed to the immediate implementation of the reporting system and to complete their first SOC reports by 2011.Apart from the concrete outputs, the training also served the purpose of making the participants realize the value of the SOC reporting system. As one participant put it, "the SOC is not just another data gathering exercise but provides the platform of putting all available data together in order to have a comprehensive assessment of the area." "The SOC is an important tool for ICM implementation –- developed and implemented by the local government" commented another participant.The SOC uses a series of process, social, economic and environmental indicators as a basis to measure existing conditions at an ICM site as well as to determine changes that occur over time. It is developed through a process that involves: (1) the establishment of SOC technical/task teams and the development of action plans; (2) data gathering, consolidation and validation; and (3) preparation of the SOC report. Bali, Sukabumi and Jakarta Bay in Indonesia, and Manatuto and Liquieca in Timor-Leste have initiated the development of their State of Coasts reports.