Water Use and Supply Management
The East Asian Seas Congress 2009 held a series of workshops on the theme "Water Use and Supply Management. The two workshops, each with its individual sub-topic, covered among others, policies for the introduction alternative energies to small islands and remote areas and practical information on alternative energies, and current issues on and ready solutions to water problems in growing coastal cities in the region.
Alternative Energy: A Solution for Energy Security for Islands and Remote Areas
"Energy is essential to economic and social development and improved quality of life. Much of the world’s energy, however, is currently produced and consumed in ways that could not be sustained if technology were to remain constant and if overall quantities were to increase substantially." As clearly stated above in Chapter 9 of the Agenda 21, the promotion of technology development and the use of alternative energy is one of the key essential elements for sustainable development. Islands are surrounded by the oceans which are abundant in sources for alternative energy. At the same time, small islands as well as remote areas are facing difficulties in securing energy which is inevitable for the economic and social development and better quality of life. How to secure energy supply in the islands and rapidly developing coastal areas is one of the issues to be addressed in order to achieve sustainable development.
Is introducing alternative energy in small islands and remote areas feasible? The workshop focused on this aspect through the following approaches: 1. Sharing good practices, policies and innovative technologies on alternative energies; 2. Examining the feasibility of various types of alternative energies; and 3. Providing information on alternative energies such as good financing mechanism and available funding.
Addressing Water Crisis in Rapidly Growing Cities
There is an emerging problem of water scarcity in growing cities. This scarcity problem is associated with population growth, pollution, failure in management such as disparities between water supply and demand, weak water use regulation and enforcement, as well as inefficient water use stimulated by inadequate water pricing, among others. With the anticipated increase in climatic uncertainties, it is more urgent than ever to address these water management problems.
The workshop reviewed the current status of water issues in the EAS region and showcase some exemplary cases of water management in rapidly growing cities. As advocated by many international organizations, an integrated approach to water management in coastal cities was highlighted as a recommended management framework to address water problems.