Pollution Reduction and Waste Management
The 6th theme was a venue for discussions on, among other related issues, case studies on transboundary pollution reduction in rivers and coastal areas through integrated management approaches, pollution reduction measures and tools in river basin management among established programs, the promotion of financing arrangements among project proponents and other institutions, policies and approaches being applied by the public and private entities in the Est Asian region on water supply, sanitation and pollution reduction.
Transboundary Pollution Reduction in River Basins and Coastal Areas
Transboundary transport of pollutants through rivers is recognized as one of the main causes of ecological problems in coastal and marine areas. Reduction of pollution inputs from rivers is hence a prerequisite in addressing downstream pollution impacts in receiving coastal and marine waters. Pollutants can be transported through rivers across jurisdictional boundaries within and across countries, posing a challenge to the effectiveness of separate management efforts among national and sub-national entities, and between river basins and coastal areas. An integrated approach in managing shared water systems and in addressing identified priorities such as pollution, at various levels, is considered an imperative.
Innovative Policies and Practices in Water Supply, Sanitation and Pollution Reduction
The East Asian region has been the beneficiary of a number of bilateral and multilateral projects in recent years, which were aimed at developing and demonstrating innovative strategies, policies and practices in water supply, sanitation and reducing the generation and discharge of pollutants from landbased human activities. These projects are beginning to generate information on social, economic and environmental benefits, as well as the potential advantages of replication and scaling up such practices among local governments and private sector operations in the region.
The workshop reviewed the progress and results of some of these initiatives, including the policies and strategies being adopted by project proponents in order to generate the necessary financing to cover capital and operating costs, as well as to meet the expectations of civil society and users of the facilities and services. It also introduced investment projects that are currently under development, and explore areas of potential application of the identified good practices.