Food Security and Livelihood Management
The East Asian Seas Congress 2009 held a series of workshops on the theme "Food Security and Livelihood Management." The three workshops focused on topics such as: aquaculture production and technologies good practices and potential contributions to food security alleviation of poverty and other related issues, fish demand and supply and food safety issues in fish and fish products and sustainable coastal tourism for local communities.
Addressing Food Security through Sustainable Aquaculture
The development of the aquaculture industry has gained importance due to the decline in capture fisheries production and the increasing demand for fish. The development of aquaculture is seen as a solution to issues on food security and employment for over a billion people worldwide. But the trend of aquaculture development is not without negative impacts.
This session identified means of integrating aquaculture development into the ICM framework, outlined good practices in sustainable aquaculture production, showcased small-scale aquaculture applications and practices and access to low cost aquaculture technologies, identified the contribution of aquaculture in food security and alleviation of poverty, and identified means to address emerging and potential issues and concerns (e.g. social, economic, political, environmental) related to the development of aquaculture.
The Future Role of Fisheries in an Urbanized World
The growth of population shows a parallel demographic trend, which sees migration from rural to urban areas. The urban sprawl has become more intense in coastal areas. Among other impacts with which this phenomenon is accompanied, this workshop will delve into how coastal fisheries are affected and its future contributions to food security in a highly urbanizing world.
The demand for fish has not abetted and in urban areas where healthy lifestyles are more pronounced, the demand for healthy options, such as fisheries produce are always at par with those of chicken, beef, pork and vegetables. As consumers demonstrate increased awareness, the demand for safe fisheries produce is heightened.
The context of the fisheries' sector contribution to food security has become two pronged: to provide safe produce and to sustain the fisheries resource. Seafood safety is paramount concern that needs to be interfaced with the supply and demand nexus.
Livelihood Management and Sustainable Coastal Tourism
Building on the results of the 2006 EAS Congress, the workshop discussed sustainable coastal tourism as a poverty alleviation mechanism for local communities. Specifically. It discussed local livelihoods and community benefits from sustainable coastal tourism activities, conservation and management initiatives as a mechanism to promote sustainable coastal tourism, public-private partnership in promoting sustainable coastal tourism, international and national initiatives on programs for "Green Tourism", and the impact of climate change on sustainable coastal tourism.